Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a condition that occurs due to a blockage in the coronary arteries (vessels that function to provide blood supply to the heart muscle). As a result, blood supply to the heart muscle will be reduced or the most severe, can stop. If the blockage that occurs is not resolved as soon as possible, more heart muscle will be damaged and cause the heart to not be able to function properly. Therefore, fast and precise handling is needed.
According to research, coronary heart disease is one type of heart disease that has the highest mortality rate in the world because both children and adults are at risk of developing this disease. In Indonesia alone, there are around 35% of deaths caused by this disease and 5-9% aged over 20 years.
Blockage of blood vessels can also occur due to various factors, such as high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, hypertension to diabetes.
Symptoms of coronary heart disease
Everyone can experience coronary heart disease, so knowing the symptoms of this disease is very important to be detected as early as possible. Here are the symptoms that you should be aware of:
- Chest or chest pain as suppressed
Chest pain is one of the most common symptoms of heart disease. This condition is usually caused by a lack of oxygen-rich blood intake to the heart muscle so that the chest feels heavy or oppressed. Chest pain usually occurs and is felt when you are doing activities, for example when you exercise and when you are experiencing emotional stress.
- Hard to breathe
A heart that is not functioning properly, that is pumping blood to the lungs that makes it difficult for you to breathe. Not only that, the amount of fluid contained in the lungs will make this condition worse, especially if it occurs together with chest pain.
- Feeling tired easily
Easy fatigue is an effect caused by abnormal heart function. Usually fatigue is easily accompanied by dizziness caused by disrupted blood circulation.
- Cold sweat, nausea, and vomiting
When blood vessels constrict, the muscles in the heart will indirectly lack oxygen, causing ischemia. Ischemia itself is a condition that triggers excessive sweating and nausea and vomiting.
Examination of coronary heart disease:
Physical activity makes the heart pump harder and faster. Therefore, a treadmill examination is done to find out how the heart works when you do physical activity, so a treadmill check is very helpful to reveal any blood flow problems in the heart.
- CT Coronary Angiography
This type of X-ray examination is done specifically for coronary heart disease to see arteries. By doing this type of examination, the doctor will be easier to diagnose disorders and damage to blood vessels.
- Heart Record (ECG)
Cardiac record or EKG (echocardiogram) is one of the examination of coronary heart disease using sound waves. With this tool, usually doctors at Siloam Hospitals can also detect other heart diseases.
- Cardiac catheterization
Cardiac catheterization to see for sure the blockage in coronary arteries.
To minimize the occurrence of coronary heart disease, you are advised to do a regular heart check. You can contact the call center 1-500-181 to get more information about Siloam Hospitals outpatient registration.
Download article ‘Recognize the Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease and its Treatment’